What is important to know about the lithographs?
In the world of lithographs there are no random people. In recent years, interest to them has increased significantly and continues to grow, especially among sophisticated public, experts and experienced collectors, for whom a high-quality lithograph is almost the only opportunity to show intransigence in the selection of authors. Collecting first names, these people turn to lithographs, knowing for sure that they buy the original - because the editions were produced by almost all the great masters from Dürer, Rembrandt, Chagall and Picasso to Warhol.
With prices ranging from three to ten thousand dollars prints are bought by people who can hardly be suspected of lack of funds. In the most famous collections lithograph, seriography, engraving are increasingly to be found. According to the world statistics, 51% of the works sold at foreign auctions for the most part are prints. In the international market art prints hold more than 30%.
At the same time a good print is easy not only to buy but also to sell, if necessary, because the prices are rising along with the popularity of the authors, and the purchase of such work does not require costly expertise – it is enough to acquire works with clear provenance and history, paying attention to the reputation and name of the seller. Therefore, prints are highly liquid, demanded around the world and presented in all known auction sites.
Anyone who is planning to buy prints, is well aware that they offer a truly unique choice of works of authorship of the first names - Dali, Picasso, Chagall created countless masterpieces on paper. This is the most "best-selling" artists in the world. The fact that the works were created during the artist’s lifetime, eliminates the appearance of new copies, which means that the demand for them will grow steadily with the growth of the art market.
First names in seriography, lithography, engraving are “the gold" of the best collections and a perfect gift that you can afford and few expect to receive. The sign of good taste, education and knowledge of the art market trends - such a gift cannot be beat.
Lithography was invented in Germany in the XVIIIth century. Among the artists who have used this technique: Marc Chagall, Salvador Dali, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Andy Warhol, Damien Hirst, Takeshi Murakami and many others.
Peculiarity of lithography consists in applying by an artist of every color or image on a metal surface or a stone surface with special oily lithographic paint or lithographic pencil. Lithographic stone or plate is moistened with water and a sheet of paper that passed through litopress is placed on top of it. On the press roller the ink is applied, the impression is obtained only in those places where the drawing was applied on the stone. Once the first color is printed, the drawing is scraped off from the stone or plate, and the artist applies to the same surface next paint. Because the work is done by the artist himself or under his direct participation, lithographs are unique works of authorship.
Prints are original works produced in limited edition in several copies. Upon completion of works the lithographic stone and plate are destroyed, which completely eliminates future appearance of copies of the work created by the artist himself. Authenticity of artworks and their quality are guaranteed by the reputation of gallery owners and provenance - a history of the origin and ownership of a work of art. The fact that the works are author's originals, certificates and presence of these works in the international catalog confirm.
At the beginning of the XVI century etching is born - a kind of engraving on metal. This genre has become a favorite for many great artists. One reason for this was undoubtedly easiness in production. If in plate engraving lines on wood or metal are cut by hand, in the technique of etching this hard work is done by acid. Metal board is covered with special soil, resistant to acid. With the help of a sharp steel needle penetrating through the soil, the artist puts the drawing on the board. The board is placed in the nitric acid or iron acid and the drawing is pickled to the desired depth. Then the soil is washed away from the board, the paint is rubbed into and impression gets made. Interestingly, in Russia this technique because of pickling is called "engraving by strong vodka".
About the middle of the XVIII centurya separate line gets born - reproduction etching. In this technique nearly all book illustrations of the period are performed. But the original etching technique continues to be a favorite for many artists. Most famous are the etchings of Goya, Canaletto, Watteau and many other great masters. Of special note are the creations of Piranesi - he was perhaps the most outstanding etcher of his age.
In the middle of the XIX century the art of etching, pressed by new printing techniques, faded, but by the end of the century flourished with new force and is perceived as an independent artistic direction in the graphics of many countries.
To get a piece of art for a birthday, anniversary or on the occasion of an important corporate event is a sign of special attention. To get as a gift a genuine masterpiece, the author's work of an outstanding master is both a sign of good taste and respect for a gift recipient - a person who will appreciate its artistic and material value.