What is important to know about Lithographs?
In the world of lithographs there are no random people. In recent years, the interest for lithographs has increased significantly and continues to grow, especially among sophisticated public, experts and experienced collectors, for whom a high-quality lithograph is almost the only opportunity to show intransigence in the selection of the artist. Collecting first names, these people turn to lithographs, knowing for sure that they buy the original - because the editions were produced by almost all the great masters from Dürer, Rembrandt, Chagall and Picasso to Warhol.
With prices ranging from three to ten thousand dollars prints are bought by people who can hardly be suspected of lack of funds. In the most famous collections lithograph, seriography, engraving are increasingly to be found. According to the world statistics, 51% of the works sold at foreign auctions for the most part are prints. In the international market art prints hold more than 30%.
At the same time a good print is easy not only to buy but also to sell, if necessary, because the prices are rising along with the popularity of the authors, and the purchase of such work does not require costly expertise – it is enough to acquire works with clear provenance and history, paying attention to the reputation and name of the seller. Therefore, prints are highly liquid, demanded around the world and presented in all known auction sites.
Anyone who is planning to buy prints, is well aware that they offer a truly unique choice of works of artists of the first names - Dali, Picasso, Chagall created countless masterpieces on paper. Those are the most "best-selling" artists in the world. The fact that the works were created during the artist’s lifetime, eliminates the appearance of new copies, which means that the demand for them will grow steadily with the growth of the art market.
First names in seriography, lithography and engraving are “the gold" of the best collections and a perfect gift that you can afford and few expect to receive. The sign of good taste, education and knowledge of the art market trends - such a gift cannot be beaten.
The lithography was invented in Germany in the XVIIIth century. Among the artists who have used this technique: Marc Chagall, Salvador Dali, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Andy Warhol, Damien Hirst, Takashi Murakami and many others.
Peculiarity of lithography consists in applying by an artist of every color or image on a metal surface or a stone surface with special oily lithographic paint or lithographic pencil. Lithographic stone or plate is moistened with water and a sheet of paper that passed through litopress and placed on top of it. The ink is applied on the press roller, the press is obtained only in those places where the color was applied on the stone. Once the first color is printed, the drawing is scraped off from the stone or plate, and the artist applies to the same surface the next paint or color. Because the work is done by the artist himself or under his direct participation, lithographs are unique works of the artist.
Prints are original works produced in limited editions. Upon completion of the works the lithographic stone and plate are destroyed, which completely eliminates future appearance of copies created by the artist himself. Authenticity of artworks and their quality are guaranteed by the reputation of gallery owners and provenance - a history of the origin and the ownership of an art-work. The fact that the works are artist's originals, certificates and presence of these works are confirmed in international catalogs.
Etching was born at the beginning of the XVI century - a kind of engraving on metal. This genre has become a favorite for many great artists. One reason for this was undoubtedly the easiness in its production. If in plate engraving lines on wood or metal are cut by hand, in the technique of etching this hard work is done by acid. Metal board is covered with special soil, resistant to acid. With the help of a sharp steel needle penetrating through the soil, the artist puts the drawing on the board. The board is placed in the nitric acid or iron acid and the drawing is pickled to the desired depth. Then the soil is washed away from the board, the paint is rubbed into and impression gets made. Interestingly, because of the pickling, in Russia this technique is called "engraving by strong vodka".
About mid XVIII century another kind of etching pops up - " the reproduction of etching". With this technique nearly all illustration books of tha period are performed. But the original etching technique continues to be in favor of many artists. Most famous are the etchings of Goya, Canaletto, Watteau and many other great masters. Of special note are the creations of Piranesi - he was perhaps the most outstanding etcher of his age.
In the middle of the XIX century the art of etching, was moved by new printing techniques, faded away. But by the end of the century flourished with new force and is perceived as an independent artistic field in graphics of many countries.
The art of making a gift
An etching, a lithography or an original print - is an opportunity to make a worthy gift to the person who is truly important and dear to you.
Unique technology creates a product in a single copy, which makes a gift truly invaluable. Among the artists who have used the technique of lithography - Matisse, Chagall, Picasso, Dali and Kandinsky. Today, one can present a friend, a business partner or a major client with an originals painting.
To receive a piece of art for a birthday, an anniversary or a special occasion is a sign of gratitude, attention and appreciation. To receive a genuine masterpiece, an artist's work of an outstanding master is a sign of good taste and respect for the one who will appreciate its artistic and material value.